INCI name: Calluna Vulgaris Extract
Scottish heather (Calluna vulgaris) is an European shrub with pale purple, bell-shaped flowers with four petals forming a tube.
Seeds are embedded within the flowers. The leaves are dark green, growing in vertical rows on the branches.
According to European folk medicine, heather herb and flowers were traditionally used as a tea for purifying the blood,
stimulating metabolism, treating gastrointestinal disorders. Heather herbs and flowers were used in traditional medicine to treat
inflammatory diseases and wounds. It was used in folk medicine both as tea and in baths to stimulate cellular regeneration and to
combat abnormal growths through cleansing and detoxification of the body. It was also used to treat skin problems, sores and
insect bites. The leaves and flowers of heather contain tannins alkaloids and essential oils.
A study showed that heather water extract is a specific inhibitor of an oxidizing enzyme called arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase.
Heather water extract shows potent anti-proliferative effects on abdominal human white blood cells. These findings suggest that
metabolites of this enzyme and/or leukotrienes play an essential role in cellular functions of white blood cells and explain the
successful use of heather as tea and baths in folk medicine.